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Profile of Uganda

Uganda is a landlocked country bordered by Kenya in the east, South Sudan in the north, Democratic Republic of the Congo in the west, Rwanda in the southwest and Tanzania in the south. Uganda occupies most of the Lake Victoria Basin.

Land Area in Uganda

Water and swamps:

43,942 square kilometres

Forests:

34,542 square kilometres

Agriculture:

137,620 square kilometres

National parks and game reserves:

24,935 square kilometres

Total Land Area:

241,039 square kilometres

Districts:    

Uganda has 111 districts. Kaabong with 27,900 square kilometres is the largest district followed by Masindi with 9,326 square kilometres. Bududda with an area of 274 square kilometres is the smallest district followed by Kibuka with 336 square kilometres.

Mountains

Uganda has two mountains Mount Rwenzori which is 5,119 meters and Mount Elgon which is 4321 meters.

Longest River:           River Nile
Largest Lake:             Lake Victoria (10,200 square kilometres)
Biggest forest:            Uganda has ten (10) forests; Bodongo Forest is the biggest with 793 square kilometres
Number of National Parks: 10 National Parks with Murchison Falls National Park being the largest covering 4,000 square kilometres.

Population and Health  

Total population (estimated) : 34,612,250
Average population growth: 3.3%
Urban population: 4,445,482
Urban growth rate: 4.8%
Rural population: 30,166,768
Rural growth rate: 3.1%

Age and gender structure (2011 estimate)

Age (years)

per%

No of Males

No of Females

Total

  0-14

50

8,692,239

8,564,571

17,256,810

15-64

48

8,383,548

8,255,473

16,639,021

65 years and over

2

291,602

424,817

716,419

Health

Life expectancy

Male: 52 years
Female: 55 years (est 2012)
Infant mortality: 54 deaths per 1,000 live births.
Neonatal mortality:  27 deaths per 1,000 live births
Immunization coverage of children: 52%
Anemia in children: 49%
HIV prevalence:  6.5%
Malaria prevalence: 42% (est 2012)

Gross Domestic Product 2012
GDP (purchasing power parity): US $50.59 billion
GDP real growth rate: 4.2%
GDP per capita (PPP): US $1,400

GDP composition by sector
Agriculture: 24%
Industry: 26.1%
Services: 49.9%

Currency: Uganda shillings (UGX)

Business Languages
The commercial languages include the following;

  • English
  • Swahili
  • Luganda

Key means of transport;      Roads

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