Bugoma CFR lies in Hoima District in Western Uganda in Bugahya and Buhaguzi counties with an altitude range of 990-1300m above sea level between 1o 07′ and 1o 25’N, and 30o 48′ and 31o 07’E, and its area is 401km2. Vegetation can be classified as medium altitude semi-deciduous forest.
About half of the forested part of the reserve is dominated by Iron wood (Cynometra alexandri). A third of the area is mixed forest, with the remainder being poor, hill and colonizing forest types. The flora and fauna is diverse and of marked conservation importance.
In terms of the conservation value, of the species in the forest, Bugoma is above average for birds, butterflies and large moths.108 species are classified as restricted-range. Summary of biodiversity and conservation importance of five indicators taxa surveyed are as follows:Trees and Shrubs 257 Birds 221 Small Mammals 21 Butterflies 292 Large Moths 119