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BACKGROUND OF KAMPALA CITY AND THE NATIONAL CAPITAL OF UGANDA.

Kampala city photos, Kampala, Uganda map, Kampala airport, Kampala airport code, Kampala population, capital of Uganda, Uganda president

Kampala city photos, Kampala, Uganda map, Kampala airport, Kampala airport code, Kampala population, capital of Uganda, Uganda president

Kampala city photos, Kampala, Uganda map, Kampala airport, Kampala airport code, Kampala population, capital of Uganda, Uganda presidentKampala city is the capital of Uganda, the pearl of Africa occupying a series of hills at an elevation of about 1200m at their highest point. It is also referred to as the “garden city of Africa”. The seven hills that originally made-up Kampala included; Kasubi, Mengo, Kibuli, Namirembe, Lubaga, Nakasero, Nsambya and Kampala also referred to as old Kampala. But since then, the city limits were substantially extended over the past few decades to include; Namirembe, Nankulabye, Kasubi, Bwaise, Luzira, Kawempe, Kikaaya, Mperwerwe, Kisaasi, Najjanankumbi, Nakawa, Kyambogo, Naguru, Bugolobi and Butabika (Musoke et al., 2019). The modern-day Kampala was ideal breeding and hunting ground for various wildlife by the king of Buganda, particularly a species of antelope, the impala (scientific name; Aepyceros melampus). The area, which comprised of rolling hills with grassy wetlands in the valley formally became Kampala with repeated usage of the reference to the area in the local dialect (Luganda) as Akasozi K’empala. (Musoke et al., 2019)

The city started as a municipal in 1947 but became Uganda’s capital city upon independence in 1962 (Authority, 2014). It is the largest and fastest developing urban centre in the country via industrialization and population growth covering a total area of 189 square kilometres of which 176 square kilometres are islands and the remaining 13 square kilometres are water bodies. It’s the country’s political seat, an economic hub accounting for about 80 per cent of the country’s total industrial and commercial activities generating a national GDP of 65 per cent. According to Mercer, a global development consulting agency based in New York City, United States in 2015, Kampala was named the 13th fastest growing city on the planet and ranked as the best city to live in East Africa ahead of Kigali and Nairobi. (Musoke et al., 2019)

Kampala is the capital and main seat for the country’s central government, which serves as a major employer and decision-maker partnering up with various international and local investors and clientele in the private sector for capacity building and infrastructure development. Kampala can also be referred to as a primate city due to its vast ethnicity accompanied by diverse cultural backgrounds with varying customs and norms, historic buildings, panoramic views plus different religious denominations recognized in the 1995 constitution of Uganda permitting freedom to practice any religion.

According to the Uganda Bureau of statistics September report in 2014, due to the diverse cultural groupings such as Baganda, Bakiga, Itesots, Acholi, Bahima etc., a number of languages are spoken however English is the official language. The Swahili language is being promoted in the spirit of regional socio-economic corporation and integration of the East African community. (UBOS, 2006)

Kampala being the busiest and largest urban centre of the country provides the best services on a national scale in all fields such as commerce, finance, education, hotels, live theatre performances, sports, entertainment, and landmark sites et al not forgetting the 24/7 places for having fun, hanging out and having a casual meeting with colleagues and friends. Kampala is also the hub of Uganda’s administration, communications, economy and transportation. Topping the list are sites ranging from historical places to shopping malls to places of worship which include Gadhafi national mosque, Baha’i temple, Uganda martyrs’ shrine, the Uganda museum, Kabaka’s palace, the acacia mall, Kasubi tombs, social innovation museum, Rubaga’s cathedral, Namirembe cathedral and Lake Victoria to mention a few. The people of Kampala are very receptive to seeking and priding in relationship building making the city hospitable and warm to visitors from diverse backgrounds due to the city’s dynamic character.

LOCATION OF KAMPALA

Kampala city is located in the southeastern region of Uganda, in the eastern region of Africa at latitude 0.31628 and longitude 32.58219 measured from the Greenwich Prime meridian as the reference meridian at an elevation of 1230m with a mean annual temperature range from 16oC to 30oC. The city is situated at an altitude of about 1.2km above sea level explaining the suitable climate experienced. The city lies in the northern hemisphere based on the geodetic datum WGS84 along coordinates 0o18’49” N, 32o34’52” E.

Lake Victoria, Africa’s largest lake, the second-largest freshwater lake in the world and the third-largest lake in the world in terms of square kilometres, borders the city in the east while the Wakiso district surrounds the city in the western and northern direction. The equator crosses the country 75km south of the city along the Kampala-Masaka highway. The area zip code of the city is 256 and it uses the East African time (EAT) as its time zone with an average time offset of Universal Time Coordinated, UTC/GMT +3 hours.

Due to the city’s strategic location along the equator, stated in the Kṏppen-Geiger climate classification system, Kampala is taken to have a tropical rainforest climate or equatorial climate, with its weather featuring two annual wet seasons and sunshine moderated by the relatively high altitude. From August to December, there is a long rainy season and from February to June, a short rainy season however the shorter rainy season experiences substantially heavier rainfall per month with the month of April receiving the heaviest amount of rainfall at an average of approximately 170 millimetres of rain. (Musoke et al., 2019)

However, due to the increased industrialization and deforestation over the years, the weather patterns of Kampala city have drastically changed with more dry spells and less precipitation. Due to the city’s bimodal rainfall, the vegetation found in the city majorly alternates between patches of woodland and grassland. (Mfitumukiza et al., 2014)

Furthermore, the topography of Kampala is hilly with sluggish water bodies in terms of rivers and swamps filling its valleys. Kololo hill 1311m in height is the highest point and it’s situated in the heart of the city while the lowest points are at the shores of Lake Victoria south of the city centre at an altitude of 1135m (Musoke et al., 2019)

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